Originally from the region of Meo fig is the fruit of the fig tree (Ficus carica), a tree of the family Moraceae. The fig is one of the fruits consumed since Antiquity; the Bible reports that Adam, when he was expelled from Eden, used fig leaves to hide his nakedness. In fact, the fig tree is more like a shrub than a tree, since it is between 3 and 10 m in height. Due to the fact that it requires little in relation to the quality of the terrain and adapts well to different climates, it has spread to various parts of the world, including Brazil, through Portuguese colonizers in the sixteenth century,
The fig itself is a fruit with a shape similar to that of the pear, but a little smaller: it measures between 3 and 7 cm. Their colors may vary; may be black, purple, red, green or yellow. These fruits have an edible, juicy pulp, and because they are rich in sugar, they are highly energetic.
The fig has a good amount of mineral salts, highlighting Potassium, Calcium and Phosphorus, important for the formation of bones and for the proper functioning of the organism. The fruit also has a significant amount of vitamin C, as well as fighting inflammations in the respiratory system and possessing gentle laxative action.
Its harvest period goes from January to April. In Brazil, the city of Valinhos, in the interior of São Paulo, stands out in the production of the fruit. The fig can be consumed in natura, besides being employed in the manufacture of sweets and desserts.